Here at Grown Rogue, we have come up with our own internal glossary to help guide the everyday person with the knowledge and vocabulary the Cannabis industry uses on a regular basis. This is merely the start to our glossary. We will keep expanding our list as the industry grows and changes.
Strains of Cannabis
Hybrid–Is a mix of Sativa and Indica strains. They can be dominant in one or the other and have characteristics of the best of both strains.
Indica–Originated from Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and the surrounding areas. Some people say the high you feel from this strain will numb your body and put you to sleep. It’s great for total body relaxation and stress relief. The look of this plant tends to be shorter in height typically no taller than 6 feet. The leaves tend to be deep green and sturdy.
Sativa–Originated from the Equatorial countries of Columbia, Mexico, Thailand, and South East Asia. This strain thrives in warmer weather. The high from a Sativa leaves you feeling uplifted and energized. This strain is great for social settings, creative projects and physical activities. The look of the plant is generally tall, and can range anywhere from 12’ to 25’. It’s typically a slender plant versus an Indica plant that is bushy. The leaves tend to be a lighter shade of green.
Strain–Varieties of plants that fall under the categories of Sativa, Indica, Hybrid. Read our blog about how strains are named.
Ways to Consume Cannabis
Dabs–A sticky oil also referred to as wax, shatter, budder and butane hash oil, is the end result of extracting THC and other cannabinoids using a solvent like butane or carbon dioxide to create concentrated doses of cannabis.
Edibles–Food items or beverages made with cannabis or infused with cannabis oils.
Pre-rolled–Cannabis that is pre-packaged and pre-rolled using rolling papers. This is discreet, disposable, and easily shared among friends.
Vape pen–A device used to vaporize the active ingredients, typically the oil extracted from the plant.
Tincture–Is an alcohol-based extract of cannabis.
Refined Forms of Cannabis
Hash–Also known as hashish, is a cannabis resin made by eliminating plant material and collecting the trichomes from the flower tops of female cannabis plants. These flowers, or ‘heads’, are the most potent parts of the plant.
Kief–Also, keef is a fine powder made from dried resin glands (trichomes) that are found on the leaves of the cannabis plant. It contains a high concentration of THC and is most commonly accumulated in containers by sifting loose, dry cannabis flower with a mesh screen or grinder.
Trim–To take the flower of a cannabis plant and cut away irregular or unwanted leaves so that the flower bud is what is left.
Natural Chemical Components of Marijuana
Cannabinoids–Secreted by cannabis flowers, these are the chemical compounds that provide relief to symptoms and determine the characteristics of the “high” people experience while smoking cannabis. Commonly, cannabinoids refer to THC and CBD, although there are other related compounds.
CBD–Cannabidiol. Non-psychotic cannabinoid known for its medicinal properties. It is most commonly used medicinally as an anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, and anti-seizure medication, but has a wide range of possible uses and benefits.
Flavonoids–Gives the pigments for various, non-green coloration in the flower. They are also involved in UV filtration and act as chemical messengers.
Terpene–In cannabis these are volatile unsaturated hydrocarbons found in the essential oils of plants. These give the plant their aromatic diversity and flavor like the blueberry of our Blue Magoo or the Lemon of our Lemon Sour Diesel.
THC–Tetrahydrocannabinol. Psychoactive cannabinoid in cannabis plant that is most commonly associated with the “high” people experience when smoking cannabis.
Trichomes–The small crystal-like hairs that grow on the plant. They often appear to look like a blanket of frost and are responsible for producing the aromatic terpenes and medicinal cannabinoids that facilitate our therapeutic experiences.
Parts of the Cannabis Plant
Hemp–The fiber of the cannabis plant, extracted from the stem and used to make various products such as rope, fabrics, fiberboard, and paper.
Seeds–A flowering plant’s unit of reproduction, capable of developing into another such plant.
Stalk–Where the base of the plant starts from and matures into a flowering plant.
Growing Methods and Terms
Cure–To preserve by drying. If you want the highest quality buds, you will need the right process for curing your harvest.
Flowering stage–When your cannabis plants begin to produce the sticky, hair-filled buds that later get trimmed and cured. This period of flowering comes right before the harvest but it is also when the plants are much more sensitive to problems. The tricky thing about the flowering stage is that you don’t have much room for error and big mistakes can lower your yields.
Greenhouse–A glass building that provides natural sunlight and the ability to control environment. This is important for cannabis production because plants have to be protected in order to produce the highest yields and highest quality cannabis.We discuss the benefits and drawbacks of growing cannabis in a greenhouse in one of our previous blogs.
Harvest–The process or period of gathering crops. Reaping, picking, collecting. Care has to be taken to not damage the flowers.
Hoop house–An outdoor structure constructed of a frame, usually PVC pipe or metal, that is covered with plastic. Hoop houses are generally are less expensive to build than a greenhouse but essentially serve the same function of protecting the cannabis from the external environment.
Hydroponics–Hydroponics is the art of growing plants without soil. When most people think of growing marijuana hydroponically, they think of growing their plants with their roots suspended directly into water with absolutely no growing medium.
Indoor–Plants are grown in an indoor structure, typically a warehouse or some other type of facility, fully grown with artificial lights, cooled with HVAC, and watered with a system that is brought indoors. We discuss the benefits and drawbacks of growing cannabis indoors in one of our previous blogs.
Light Deprivation or Light Dep.–Forcing plants to flower, by covering them to create the 12 hours of darkness and 12 hours of sunlight to trigger flowering. Typically done in a hoop house, greenhouse or indoor growing facility.
Nutrients–The primary nutrients are nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). These are the most prevalent elements that make up hydroponic nutrients and other garden fertilizers. Deficiency of any one or more of the primary nutrients limits plant health, yield, and growth.
Outdoor–Cannabis is grown in a natural farm environment, that includes, soil, sun, and water with natural light from the sun. We discuss the benefits and drawbacks of growing cannabis outdoors in one of our previous blogs.
Vegetative Stage–During the initial growth period of the plant, it builds up structural integrity (stem and roots). It’s only after that the plant begins to develop foliage. During these early stages of growth, your plant will require a lot of nitrogen supplied to it.